Commonwealth v. Crowley

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SYLLABUS: Where it appeared that the judge at a criminal trial had only a minimal evidentiary basis for his conclusion that the defendant was competent to stand trial, and that the judge may have misapplied the burden of proof on this issue, this court reversed the defendant’s conviction of assault with intent to commit rape. [398-400]

In a criminal proceeding the prosecution bears the burden of proof on the issue of the defendant’s competency to stand trial, once the issue has been raised by the parties or by the judge on his own initiative. [400-401]

Where a criminal defendant’s competency to stand trial is in issue, a judge’s determination of competency based upon a preponderance of the evidence affords the defendant [***2] due process of law. [401-402]

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